Prospects for the development of new energy

Prospects for the development of new energy

Prospects

China’s future strategic development of new energy development can be divided into three phases: the first phase to 2010, the portion of new energy technology commercialization. The second phase in 2020, a large number of new energy technology has reached the level of commercialization of new energy accounted for more than 18% of total primary energy. The third stage is the full realization of the commercialization of new energy, large-scale alternative to fossil energy sources, by 2050 more than 30% of total energy consumption.
China to accelerate the new energy as one of the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, for large-scale development and utilization of new energy sources to provide a solid technical support and industrial base. [3]
1, or a total installed capacity of wind power both new installations worldwide have maintained a rapid pace of development, the development of wind energy will usher in the peak. Wind power electricity price is higher than the thermal power, expect the price to rationalize development.
2, is expected to biomass rich agricultural resources in tropical and subtropical popularity, the main problem is to reduce the production cost of bioethanol, biodiesel and DME application worth the wait.
3, with the solar photovoltaic industry in China gradually expand the scale, technology gradually, the cost of photovoltaic power generation will gradually decline, the future will be a substantial increase in China’s domestic PV capacity.
4, the development of new energy vehicles environmental pollution, energy shortages and is closely related to the automotive industry, the country to promote hybrid cars, cars began to enter the new energy strategy to accelerate the implementation phase, cut costs go hand in hand.
Old fuel new energy

Old new energy efficiency No heat engine of a new way: Soros investment (speculative) another new energy solutions
New Energy engine
Hydrogen, wind, solar energy, ocean energy, biomass energy and fusion energy …… a new way, but energy use of multi-step forward link. It is ignored, innovation potential engine or acting principle, the concept is the first general direction of future energy development!
Energy efficiency is not high, a waste of amazing. Classic heat engine acting the way, the energy efficiency of useful work done is only 25% (1/4), also the highest one-third (33.3%), while 100% of energy 75% (3/4), or 66.67% (2 / 3) are as useless heat wasted. Another accident, “Banks heat engine” is to use memory alloy not fuel efficient engine does not consume electricity.
Principle of the heat engine to do work is the fuel heat production = disorderly movement of microscopic particles. The thermal motion, on average energy of each direction on each 1/3 three-dimensional space, and a heat engine to do useful work also three-dimensional direction in a direction dimension. Other energy-dimensional direction had wasted as waste heat!
Enhance the efficiency of the engine as a few decades ago has begun to snub “adiabatic engine” does not like “classical heat engine principle” to predict. Classical thermodynamics proof mechanism model with the problem! And a big problem! Heat outlet temperature and inlet temperature ratio not the key factor in determining the efficiency of the engine!
“Adiabatic” has clearly not a good idea to improve the efficiency of the heat engine. Why? From the “new thermodynamic engine principle”! “No heat engine.” When the heat has been generated, disordered movement has emerged, Warcraft uncontrollable up! This engine efficiency is 1/3 or 1/4 limit shackles live. Ceramics “adiabatic” just did not diagnose the “wrong side”, the wrong medicine is inevitable.
When the old energy (including new energy) does not produce heat, the new engine 100% of acting will become possible! That is the old and new energy to do an orderly microscopic one-dimensional movement, efficiency of the engine to return to 100%, 2/3 or 3/4 energy wasted before can lead Seoul hair, not to less excretion of waste heat to the environment, pollute the environment, conserve resources of nature!
New energy vehicle development direction
As vehicles car every day to emit large quantities of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur oxides, hydrocarbons, lead compounds and other atmospheric pollutants, is an important source of air pollution occur on human health and the environment have serious hazards. Energy conservation is the eternal theme of development of automobile industry, continue to strengthen energy conservation work, it has become China’s economy to achieve sound and rapid development of the urgent needs.
In developed countries, the car determines the demand for oil, are also key factors of greenhouse gas emissions and harmful impact to achieve environmental protection objectives need to reduce oil consumption and auto emissions. On the other hand, the car is a pillar industry, but also the basic means of transport, but also to maintain the development of the automobile governments to promote economic development and improve people’s welfare. Development of energy-saving cars can be reduced while maintaining the status of automotive oil consumption growth, protect the atmospheric environment, governments generally regarded as the development of energy-saving cars to achieve an important part of its energy and environmental policies and sustainable development of the automotive industry.
Of China’s automobile industry, “Eleventh Five-Year”, the state adopted a series of measures, including the State Department in June 2007 issued a “comprehensive energy conservation program of work”, “to encourage the development of energy-saving vehicles with low emissions opinions “(Guo Ban Fa [2005] No. 61); Ministry of Finance, Ministry of environmental Protection jointly issued” on environmental labeling products in government procurement implementation opinions “(Treasury [2006] No. 90), etc., and the two adjustments vehicle excise duty. Meanwhile, in 2008–2009, the Chinese government is the introduction of a “fuel tax”, “TM” and other policies to encourage the development of small cars, in addition to support new energy vehicles in the industrial revitalization plan, the Chinese government is by increasing domestic refined oil prices approach “forcing” onto the automotive industry, “energy saving, environmental protection,” the road. September 7, 2011, the Ministry of Finance, Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry signed “on the adjustment of energy-saving vehicles to promote the subsidy policy,” (Cai Jian [2011] 754), and from October 1, 2011 implementation, mainly to the inclusion subsidies range of fuel-efficient cars to raise the threshold. These measures clearly expressed the Government’s determination to promote energy conservation, cars and “curb Dayang small” attitude of automotive products. July 9, 2012, the State Council officially announced the “energy-saving and new energy automotive industry development plan (2012-2020)”, said the planning of new energy automotive industry will be pure electric drive as the main strategy for new energy vehicle development and transformation of the automotive industry orientation, the current focus on promoting pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid industry.
New Energy Future

Modern renewable energy technologies has grown rapidly, and soon more than 2010 years after natural gas will become the second largest electric power after coal fuel. With the cost of renewable energy technologies and reduce mature application, assuming that fossil fuel prices and strong policy support for renewable energy sector offers an opportunity to get rid of dependence on subsidies of the situation and promote emerging technologies into the mainstream . In the current forecast, wind, solar, geothermal, tidal and wave energy and other non-hydroelectric renewable energy sources (excluding biomass) growth rate of 7.2%, more than any other energy global average annual growth rate. Power industry of renewable energy use accounted for most of the growth. Non-hydro renewable energy in total electricity generation in 2006 the proportion increased from 1% to 4% in 2030. Despite the increase in hydropower production, but its share of electricity drops two percentage points to 14%.

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